The United States Securities and Exchange Commission’s (SEC) first enforcement action on a nonfungible token (NFT) project triggered responses from community members, who pointed out how the decision could be “problematic” for many NFT projects that fit the description and might be next on the SEC’s hit list.
On Aug. 28, the SEC charged the entertainment company Impact Theory for allegedly conducting the sales of unregistered securities. According to the SEC, the NFTs called “Founder’s Keys” were sold as an “investment into the business.” The company allegedly raised around $30 million through the sales.
The SEC believes that the NFTs sold were investment contracts and qualified as securities. The filing noted that the firm violated the Securities Act of 1933 for selling the NFTs without registration.
Not everyone agrees with the SEC’s decision. On Aug. 28, SEC commissioners Hester Peirce and Mark Uyeda also wrote their dissenting statement against the SEC’s action. The duo argued that the “handful of company and purchaser statements cited by the order are not the kinds of promises that form an investment contract.”
The SEC filed and settled its first NFT enforcement action today: https://t.co/RwaMGueBZK Here’s Commissioner Uyeda’s and my dissent: https://t.co/WhLKX3Tl8X
— Hester Peirce (@HesterPeirce) August 28, 2023
In addition, the commissioners highlighted that the SEC does not routinely bring enforcement actions against the sellers of “watches, paintings, or collectibles” that also give out vague promises to “build the brand” and increase the resale value of the items.
Apart from this, the event triggered responses from community members saying that many NFT projects fit the description put out by the SEC. According to a researcher from the popular NFT collection Azuki, the case may be consequential, as some of the details may apply to “quite a few” NFT projects.
The SEC suing Impact Theory for selling NFT securities is a pretty big deal.
Because if you take a closer look at the details, the description applies to quite a few NFT projects – probably also to one you are holding right now. pic.twitter.com/75kY0QQIDG
— wale.swoosh (@waleswoosh) August 28, 2023
Other community members posted that many NFT project founders put out messaging similar to Impact Theory that encourages potential buyers and promises profit as the project succeeds.
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Cointelegraph reached out to Oscar Franklin Tan, the chief legal officer of NFT platform Enjin, to dive deeper into the SEC’s recent action against NFTs. According to Tan, it’s very problematic to say that all NFTs are securities. Tan explained:
“We must ensure that the SEC order does not hold back creators from trying the spectrum of Web3 economic and social models. It is problematic to imply that all NFTs are securities because NFTs are a technology and can mean an infinite number of things, from a graphic to a health record to a land title.”
The lawyer also shared that the confusion is everywhere. Tan said he was recently asked if giving away a proof-of-attendance protocol NFT at a fashion show was illegal. Tan believes that the lack of clear rules will “discourage creators from trying Web3 models” and lead to the space never discovering the “full benefits of Web3.”
The legal officer also called for better regulatory clarity from the SEC, saying that there are a lot of possible models and “creators should not have to wonder whether they created an investment product.”
This case is not the first time that NFTs came close to being considered as securities. On Feb. 22, a U.S. judge said in a ruling that NBA Top Shot NFTs may qualify as securities as they may create a “sufficient legal relationship between investors and promoter to establish an investment contract.”
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